Inspiration: Photographer Jason Eskenazi describes Storytelling and Visual Literacy
Hat tip to Barbara Ganley for sharing this video in twitter. Tweet her @bgblogging and invite her to share her visual storytelling prowess to ds106 this week. She needs some ds106 action!
Stories in Photos
“There are no rules for good photographs, there are only good photographs.”
The photo, quote, and lead for this week’s ds106 comes from a previous ds106 student’s perspective on photography.
In doing ds106 Daily Creates you’ve already been using photography and drawing skills, plus you’ve had some practice doing visual stories from our introduction to storytelling. This week we go a bit deeper and give you the opportunity to practice telling stories in primarily visual form. We also hope to have us thinking more about story when we use our cameras.
You may go from someone who takes a lot of snapshots or quick mobile photos to one who thinks more about composition, framing, and being more intentional with your photography. Even if you are an accomplished photographer, it is always something you can can be better at by honing skills or trying new approaches. And we find that people doing this week’s work come away noticing the world around them in more detail.
This week most of our work comes from the ds106 Assignment Collection – we strongly urge you to write up your assignments to meet the criteria of being a Blogging Champ— this means not only blogging the visual media you create, but writing about the idea/inspiration behind it and information on how you made it.
Rally Your Radio Show Groups
Last week we asked you to find collaborators for your radio show group. If you have not found a group to join, put your name in an empty line and make a new group on the radio team document. By the end of the week, you should have gotten in touch with each other, and chosen a team name. Someone from your group needs to tweet your team name and include the #ds106 hash tag.
If you are curious about the kind of projects you might do, scan the archive of previous student projects to get a sense of the kind of the ones that have been done before.
Your group will need to create and produce a recorded audio story that exemplifies the techniques you studied in week 4. In your groups you may want to start brainstorming about what kind of topics might be interesting or type of show (drama, documentary, comedy, etc). The more progress you can make on this this week, the better off you will be. You will have weeks 7 and 8 to focus on the production of the show.
As a bit of audio practice, try to coordinate a way between your group to share files (e.g. dropbox, shared Google Drive), and see if you can produce a thirty second intro announcing your team. Tweet this link out to #ds106 and we will try and load it on #ds106radio.
Becoming Better Photographers
Anyone can take snapshots, the question is do you want to elevate your photography skills to produce perhaps more artful, more storified photos?
The suggestions below are borrowed from TEN: Ten Ways to Improve Your Craft. None of Them Involve Buying Gear a $5 ebook by David duChemin. You don’t need to buy the book, we’ve lifted some key points.
- Get Pickier: Instead of using your camera like a rapid fire machine gun, spend more time pre-composing in your mind. As you get more practice, you can be more selective, and more deliberate. See if perhaps you can decide before taking a shot if it will be good.
- Better Contrast Makes Better Stories Contrast can be in terms of colors and lighting, but also elements and subjects in your photos- look for things that maybe do not belong together (juxtaposition). Look for near and far perspective.
- Change My Perspective By Changing Yours: Find different and unique points of view. Look down, up, lay down on the ground, anything different from your normal view of the world at head height. Seek perspectives of lines.
- Create Depth: Look for ways to add dimension of visual depth in your 2 dimensional images- play with foreground, lines, use of wide angle lenses, use of dark backgrounds
- Get Balanced. The rule of thirds is not only about placement on a grid; duChemin describes visual mass, elements that draw more attention in a photo and how to balance that effectively. “Becoming more intentional about creating and playing with balance in your images will help you create images that more intentionally express what you have to say.”
- Pay Attention to the Moment: Sometimes it means slowing down, but also being more aware of the action in a scene, trying to anticipate the moment of something interesting before it happens e.g. watching a family at the table preparing for when baby might spill the glass of milk? at sporting events trying to be ready for the kick that scores the goal?
- Look to the light. Probably the most key lesson- be aware of light that works and what does not. Knowing about shadows, directions, aiming for directions where light is strong (or not). Good light makes every photo. Learn how to sense when light is good (and when not, and you can skip lousy shots).
- Use the Best Lens If your camera uses different lenses, understand better what a wide angle does versus a telephoto not only in terms of what it can fit in a photo, but what effect it has one photos (squashing or expanding space). If your lens is fixed, understand what its limits are (how close you can get, what happens at severe angles).
- Expose for Aesthetics Learn how to use aperture, shutter speed, iso to control the image- what the effects of these all play on depth of field, motion freeze vs blurring. For fixed lens camera/mobile, at least understand what the level of light means for your photos (why are those low light photos are blurry?)
- Put a Great Foreground in Front of a Great Background Pay attention to the near and far. A landscape scene is dull without something in foreground to give depth and scale. Learn to avoid clutter and distracting elements.
These are of course, very general guides. You get better as you look at your own and others photos. You get better when you think more before you press the shutter. You get better when you try new approaches. You get better when you break the rules.
We’ve assembled many more resources into a web based collection on storify:
Pick at least three tips from these resources and try them as you do your Daily Creates and other assignments this week. Write a blog post towards the end of the week that summarizes the tips you tried. Include:
- Link and credit for the tip.
- Embed an example of a photo where you tried the technique
- Describe how you thought about this, or what approach (or variation) you tried.
- Take your photo that you are most proud of in terms of learning a new photo technique, and write a summary in our shared Google doc How We Are Becoming better Photographers. By the end of the week, our class will have added to a guide for others to benefit from.
More on Photography from Previous ds106 Classes
Jim Groom on “The Creative Habit” (Feb 2011)
D’Arcy Norman on “Photography as Digital Storytelling” (Feb 2011) see also the extensive list of resources D’Arcy shared
Here is an exercise that is a fun way to try out your visual interpretation skills. Below are a list of subjects we ask you to convey in photos that you must try and capture within a 15 minute window of time. In this case it is less about capturing artistic images, but just doing what you can to be inventive and interpret the list of subjects. Before you do this, pick a place that is likely to have a lot of variety of subjects (middle of town or campus, your basement, whatever).
This is not a test! Yoy do not have to get them all, just try to think in interesting ways about how to interpret and capture the list. Here is what to seek in your own blitz!
- Your first photo is of something that shows the current time! Document when you started the blitz.
- In the next 15 minutes, try to capture as many of the following photos as you can
- Make an ordinary object look more interesting, almost supernatural.
- Take a photo that makes use of converging lines.
- Take a photo dominated by a single color
- Take a photo of something at an unusual angle
- Take a photo of two things that do not belong together.
- Take a photo that represents the idea of “openness”
- Take a photo that expresses a human emotion
- Take a photo that emphasizes mostly dark tones or mostly light ones.
- Make a photo that is abstract, that would make someone ask, “Is that a photograph?”
- Take a photo of an interesting shadow.
- Take a photo that represents a metaphor for complexity.
- Take a photo of someone else’s hand (or paw)
- Take another photo of a timepiece that shows the time you stopped. It should be fifteen minutes since step 1, right?
- Upload your five best photos to flickr, and tag them “ds106photoblitz”
- Write a blog post about your experience. Describe the place you chose to do this, and why you chose it. What was the experience like? What photos worked for you best? What do you think was the most inventive? Give feedback/suggestions via comments for at least 3 other persons photos (you can find all the ones with this tag at http://flickr.com/photos/tags/ds106photoblitz. What were the best ones you saw in the pool of photos? Why?
See also this mobile web app developed by John Johnston that can generate a photoblitz assignment whenever you want to do one.
Keep doing them! Aim to complete at least three this week.
Pimp Up Your Flickr
- Customize your Flickr URL http://www.flickr.com/account/
- Set the defaults for new uploads and other privacy controls http://www.flickr.com/account/privacy/
- Create settings so you can post to Flickr via email http://www.flickr.com/account/email/ — and try it out
- Set up sharing for Facebook, Twitter, posting directly to your blog http://www.flickr.com/account/sharing/
- Create interesting titles for your photos! Sometimes a clever title or a written caption can turn an ordinary photo into more of a story. Flickr allows you to use words and photos together to create a visual story.
- Create a set on Flickr, a collection of the best of your photos. Add to it every week, if you don’t think you took awesome photos that week.
That last one, making a Best of Set is
required suggested. Write a blog post and see if you can figure out how to embed a Flickr set into your blog post (hint, view it is a slideshow). Write about the reason why you selected those photos. Write about the story you are trying to say with any of them. Or make a summary statement about why this demonstrates your best work.
Here you will get your first in depth experience with the ds106 Assignment bank where most of your subsequent work in ds106 will happen. This is a collection of assignments that have been contributed by ds106 participants. Each one has a star rating indicating how difficult/complex it is (rated from 1=easy to 5=hard).
Note that you can add your own votes to existing assignments. As you review them, if you think they deserve a different rating, just click on the stars you think it deserves.
For this week, we suggest you complete 10 stars worth of Visual Assignments — this could be doing 5 assignments rated 2 stars, etc. It is your choice which visual assignments to do- there are currently over 140 of them listed, and if you need to spin the dial, try a randomly selected one. It is less important that you get some amount of stars, and more that you take on challenges, try things you have not done before, and make interesting interpretations of the assignments.
We would ask that everyone try the Post “Secret” assignment, as this is one our group form 3M will all be doing.
If you are having trouble picking visual assignments, below is are ones that have been more popular with previous ds106ers:
- Splash that color
- Image with a message
- Album Cover
- Illustrate 106
- Unlikely Intersections
- Common everyday objects
- Triple Troll Quotes Find an image of a well known figure, add to it a famous quote by someone related in some way to the figure in the image and then attribute the quote to a third, related figure.
- Find Yourself
- Return to the scene of the crime
- Art Comes to Life
- Buddy Photo
For each assignment you do write an individual blog post that includes:
- The visual you produced for the assignment embedded into your blog post.
- Write some text that shares your thinking behind the assignment, your inspiration, what it means to you. Think of this as similar to the extras on a DVD, the “making of” material.
- Share your process. What tools did you use? What techniques? Think of this as information that would help someone else doing the same assignment.
- To have your work connected back to the assignment, your blog post must include the two tags for the assignment, one will be Visual Assignments and the other will have a name like Visual Assignments324
If you do this correctly, your own example will be added to the entry within an hour of your publishing your blog post.
Bookmark and model the criteria for blogging like a champ.
Also note that part of participating in this course is writing up how-to tutorials. The visual assignments will likely be easier to document as tutorials than the later audio and video ones, so it might be worth your while to try a few of these now. If you write a very complete post, it could include your assignment work and count as a tutorial. Note that there is a tutorial tag that goes along with each assignment.
And here is the nifty part- if you do not like the assignments on the site, then step up and add one yourself!
Summary Checklist for this week
Here’s what’s on your check list this week. Don’t forget to include active participation in the ds106 community via commenting on blog posts, Flickr photos, YouTube videos, and communicating via the #ds106 tag in Twitter and/or our ds106 Google+ Community.
- Join a radio show group in the shared google doc, and come up with a team name that should be tweeted to #ds106 — see if your team can create a team announcement audio track.
- Give at least 5 blog comments to someone else in ds106
- Review the suggestions for photography. Pick at least 3 to try in the context of doing other visual assignments this week or just for practice, and write a blog post showing the results. Add the one that you think helped you the most, and summarize in our shared Google doc How We Are Becoming better Photographers
- Complete the photoblitz activity, stick to the 15 minute window. There are no prizes or extra credit for how many you can do, just try and share the experience. Tag your photos in Flickr, and write a blog post talking about the ones you felt were your best and ones from others you saw in the mix that were commendable.
- Review the suggestions for spiffing up your Flickr page. Create a set for your best photos and add a few in there. Write up a blog post announcing it, and see if you can figure out how to embed a Flickr set in your post.
- Do at least 3 daily creates, and write a one blog summary for all your creations. Narrate about them too, what it meant, what the inspiration was etc. Tell a story about your photos.
- Try to complete a minimum of 10 stars worth of Visual Assignments one of which could be, in honor of our 3M-DS106 participants, the Post “Secret”. For each include everything in the requirements .
- Again write up a summary of your activity this week- there is no need to repeat what you have written elsewhere on your blog, it is fine to link to your work for the week. We are looking for the personal reflection on what you have learned this week, what are your challenges, how you are seeing the world differently, what you learn about photography, what it means to tell a story visually.